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Vaccination - Vaccination for horse

Vaccination is a critical aspect of preventive healthcare for horses. Here's an overview of common vaccinations recommended for horses:

Core Vaccines:
  • Tetanus: Tetanus is caused by a toxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium tetani, which can enter the body through wounds or puncture injuries. Vaccination against tetanus is essential for all horses, as the disease is often fatal and can occur even from minor injuries.
  • Eastern/Western Equine Encephalomyelitis (EEE/WEE): These are viral diseases transmitted by mosquitoes that affect the central nervous system of horses. Vaccination against EEE and WEE is essential in regions where these diseases are prevalent, as they can be fatal.
  • West Nile Virus (WNV): West Nile Virus is another mosquito-borne disease that can cause neurological symptoms in horses. Vaccination is recommended in areas where West Nile Virus is endemic.
Non-Core Vaccines:
  • Equine Influenza (Flu): Equine influenza is a highly contagious respiratory disease caused by influenza viruses. Vaccination is recommended for horses that travel frequently, compete, or are housed in areas with a high risk of exposure.
  • Equine Herpesvirus (EHV): EHV can cause respiratory infections, abortion in pregnant mares, and neurological disease. Vaccination against EHV may be recommended for horses at higher risk of exposure, such as those in large barns or competition settings.
  • Strangles: Strangles is caused by the bacterium Streptococcus equi and is characterized by fever, nasal discharge, and abscesses in the lymph nodes.
Vaccination against strangles may be considered in certain situations, although it is not universally recommended due to concerns about efficacy and potential adverse reactions. Vaccination schedules may vary based on factors such as the horse's age, health status, travel or competition schedule, and local disease prevalence. Most horses receive initial vaccinations as foals and then require annual boosters to maintain immunity. Some vaccines may require more frequent administration or additional doses for optimal protection.

It's essential to consult with a veterinarian to develop a vaccination plan tailored to your horse's specific needs and circumstances. Veterinarians can guide vaccine selection, timing, and any potential risks or contraindications. Regular veterinary check-ups are also an opportunity to discuss vaccination status and update preventive care plans as needed.

Here is the list of approved vaccines for horse in Malaysia: Approved Vaccine in Equine